Gil Sperling

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Copy Of 1900 Buganda Agreement

April 9, 2021 by gilsperling

However, with the signing of the 1900 Agreement, land was allocated to Kabaka, its family members and its leaders, as civil servants and also as individuals. The land issue was addressed in Article 15, which estimated the total area of land in Buganda at 19,600 square miles. But the agreement also stipulated that if a survey were to be conducted, and it was found that Buganda had less than 19,600 square miles, “then the part of the country that must be entrusted to Her Majesty`s Government will be reduced to the extent by the lack found in the estimated area.” After the agreement came into force, the country was divided in Buganda to Mailo and Kronland. Mailo Land belonged to the von Buganda government and its officials, while the Crown belonged to the protectorate government. The country of Mailo was subdivided between members of the royal family, Reich officials and a few individuals. Other beneficiaries were religious institutions. At the time of the signing of the agreement, the figures of the allocated area were estimated. After consultation, the contracting parties had to sit down together and conclude what the agreement had decided after the award. This culminated in the attribution of Buganda from 1913 Agreement.As after Article 15, the natives who did not enter the categories of persons to whom the land was allocated were rendered landless. They became squatters.

The tax system, which was to finance the new administrative structure, was also introduced as part of the agreement. In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganjika for the past sixteen years. He was convinced that the relationship between Uganda and the protective power should have a different character than that of the local authorities and the Tanganjika government. [9] Recognizing that the early protectorate had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan to reform and restructure the system between the protectorate government and the Buganda government. [10] In asserting that the relationship between the protectorate government and the government of Buganda`s mother was that of protected and non-indirect domination, he planned to replace the post of provincial commissioner of Buganda with a resident and to remove district officials from the centre, provided that Kabaka was required to follow the advice of the resident and his collaborators. [9] However, under the Ugandan Convention of 1900, Kabaka was only required to respond to such advice in the case of the implementation of the Lukiiko resolutions. Relations between Kabaka, the protectorate government and its ministers deteriorated and, due to the limited power of the governor under the 1900 agreement to impose its council on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decline in the influence that the protectorate government could exert in Buganda. [9] On Tuesday, March 10, the 120th anniversary of the Kingdom of Buganda under Kabaka (King) Daudi Chwa slept with the British. The signing of the agreement not only took away the rights of the kingdom, but paved the way for the tutelage and plundering of other parts of Uganda.

The agreement anchored British rule in Buganda and also gave the Baganda the opportunity to extend their influence to other parts of the country.

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